YAFI Online Programming // Disease State Management and Drug Therapy

An Octet of Ocular Conditions

Current "Eye" diology

Educational Objectives

After participating in this activity, pharmacists will be able to:

  • DISCUSS common ocular condition’s pathophysiology and causes
  • IDENTIFY recent changes in available medications to treat ocular conditions
  • DISTINGUISH each FDA-approved product by the condition that it treats
  • DISCUSS barriers to care, adherence, and administration of eye drop waste
  • MAXIMIZE the pharmacist’s role in identifying OTC products, referring patients for prescription strength medication, and counseling patients about both

After participating in this activity pharmacy technicians will be able to:

  • LIST basic facts about ocular conditions
  • IDENTIFY reputable sources for patients who have ocular conditions to find information
  • DIFFERENTIATE between over-the-counter and prescription drugs for ocular conditions
  • IDENTIFY patients who need referral to the pharmacist for recommendations or referral

Session Offered

Release Date: September 24, 2018

Expiration Date: September 24, 2021

Course Fee


Session Codes


18YC78-XPV46-Pharmacy Technician

Accreditation Hours

2.0 hours of CE


Ocular problems—many of which cause severe vision loss or blindness—are on the rise in the US. Common eye diseases include glaucoma, agerelated macular degeneration, dry eye, conjunctivitis and blepharitis. Pharmacy staff may be the first providers a patient approaches to consult about an eye condition since many treatment options are available over-the-counter. Armed with knowledge of ophthalmic conditions and treatments, pharmacists can determine if patients are candidates for self-treatment, evaluate the appropriateness of pharmacotherapy, screen for medication-induced eye disorders, and promote proper medication adherence. Patients often use ophthalmic products; patient education should be a top priority for pharmacy staff.

Accreditation Statements

The University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

Pharmacists and pharmacy technicians are eligible to participate in this application-based activity and will receive up to 0.2 CEU (2 contact hours) for completing the activity, passing the quiz with a grade of 70% or better, and completing an online evaluation. Statements of credit are available via the CPE Monitor on- line system and your participation will be recorded with CPE Monitor within 72 hours of submission


Grant funding: Alcon Laboratories, Inc

Cost: Free

Initial Release Date: September 24, 2018

Expiration Date: September 24, 2021

To obtain CPE credit, visit the UConn Online CE Center

Use your NABP E-profile ID and the session code 18YC78-BXT66 for pharmacists or 18YC78-XPV46 for pharmacy technicians to access the online quiz and evaluation.

First- time users must pre-register in the Online CE Center. Test results will be displayed immediately and your participation will be recorded with CPE Mon- itor within 72 hours of completing the requirements.

For questions concerning the online CPE activities, email joanne.nault@uconn.edu


Stefanie C. Nigro, PharmD, BCACP, BC-ADM, CDE, Assistant Professor, MCPHS University

Elizabeth Haftel, PharmD, CDE, Assistant Professor, MCPHS University, Boston, MA.

Faculty Disclosure

Drs. Nigro and Haftel have no actual or potential conflicts of interest associated with this article.

Disclosure of Discussions of Off-label and Investigational Drug Use

This activity may contain discussion of off label/unapproved use of drugs. The content and views presented in this educational program are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent those of the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.



Ocular problems—many of which may cause severe vision loss or blindness—are on the rise in the US. A change in vision is common. Sensitivity to light and the need to wear glasses to see near or far are expected parts of aging. However, the development of certain age-related eye diseases including cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and macular degeneration can significantly impair vision, further reducing quality of life and independence. Currently, 1.3 million people in the US are blind and more than $139 billion in healthcare costs are related to ocular problems.1 As the population continues to age, these numbers are expected to worsen. Pharmacy staff may be the first providers a patient approaches to consult about his or her eye condition. Yet, many pharmacists and other healthcare providers
express lack of confidence caring for patients with ocular conditions. With improved ophthalmic knowledge, pharmacists can help patients navigate overcrowded over-the-counter (OTC) aisles, understand proper use of eye care products, and improve overall satisfaction with their care.


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